Two types of choices seem to me to have been crucial in tipping the outcomes [of the various societies’ histories] towards success or failure: long-term planning and willingness to reconsider core values. On reflection we can also recognize the crucial role of these two choices for the outcomes of our individual lives.
— Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed

Looking outward and inward enables one to better understand how they relate to their environment and adjust to emerging problems over time.