The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines procurement as the act or process of procuring. It is derived from procure which means "to get possession of or to obtain by particular care and effort."
Going a step further, here is the origin and etymology of procure: "Middle English, from Anglo-French procurer, from Late Latin procurare, from Latin, to take care of, from pro- for + cura care."
Rounding out the search for meaning in the word procurement, I found the following synonyms: acquisition, acquirement, appropriation, attainment, and procuring.
I also found several relevant quotes that add more color to what procurement means:
Why focus on procurement?
Like other aspects of a business, it is a system that can evolve and have an impact on how an organization functions, it can be used to help leaders manage risk, and influence the pace of innovation.
Slow procurement processes can stunt business growth and contribute to a sense of complacency within a company structure. Enabling faster access to what people need to do their job within a company can stimulate growth.
For me, the most informative part of this quick look at the word procurement and its origins is that it is derived from a Latin word that means to take care of.
It sounds simple, but when seen in this light, procurement takes on new meaning--it's about taking care of others to help them get what they need.